Are the silks traded on the Silk Road from China?

By Bill Wang | 20 July 2018 | 0 Comments
Silk is an amazing invention in China. China has always been a big country in the production of silk. So when it comes to the Silk Road, some people think that the silk traded on the Silk Road comes from China. In fact, this is a misunderstanding. After the Han Dynasty, the silk traded on the Silk Road was not only transported to the west from the silk of the Chinese mainland. Silk from Central Asia, West Asia, Persia, India and other places also participated. The silk flow on the Silk Road showed a multi-directional Sexuality, network, both existing and advanced. Silk Road is already a multi-ethnic, multi-national Silk Road.
After the Eastern Han Dynasty, silk production technology has spread to Central Asia and West Asia, and Persia has quickly mastered this technology.
In the Chinese classics, the Sogdian brocade (a brocade: a kind of silk) about the Sogdian region (now in Uzbekistan in Central Asia, Han Dynasty is a Kangju country, also known as Kangguo) has long been recorded. In the "Sui Shu·Kang Guo Chuan", it is said that the king "clothing Luo Jin embroidered white stack".
Professor Zhao Feng of Donghua University studied the silk fabrics from Dunwei unearthed from the Northern Wei Dynasty to the Yuan Dynasty. The conclusion is that the silks seen in the Dunhuang market not only have Chinese silk from the East, but also the Central Asian system brocade from the West. Professor Zhao Feng found nine kinds of brocade belonging to the Central Asian system in the silk objects found in the Tibetan Buddhist Scriptures in Dunhuang. Among the Tang Dynasty silks unearthed in Dunhuang, there are not only those from Central Asia, but also the brocades produced by the Tubo people who occupied the Hexi Corridor and the Western Region.
When the Tubo ruled the Western Regions in the Tang Dynasty, they established their own silk textile industry. The silk they produced was called "Panjin." Due to the participation of the survivors of Sogdian, the early Tu Fan of Tubo had a strong Sogdian style. The origin of the brocade may be in  Turpan.
In a cemetery group in the North Ossetia-Aran Republic of Russia, a variety of silks have been unearthed, of which Zult fabrics accounted for 38.1%, Chinese fabrics accounted for 23.9%, Byzantine fabrics accounted for 4.5%, Persian fabrics accounted for 0.7%, and local products. Accounted for 26.1%. The fabrics unearthed here illustrate the diversity of silks of various nationalities and countries on the Silk Road.

Today, the use of silk is increasing, silk scarves, textile digital printing silk fabric.As a contemporary silk scarf manufacturer, we should learn from the ancients.
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